A crown, or dental cap, is a type of dental restoration that caps or encircles a tooth or dental implant and is bonded to the tooth by dental cement.  They are widely used to restore damaged, worn out, weak, or misshapen teeth to their ideal aesthetics and functionality. They are often made from dental-grade ceramic, which is the go-to material to fabricate dental restorations. Since the crowns cover the teeth entirely, they hold them intact and prevent any damage.

Candidacy for crowns

Patients with the following dental conditions are suitable candidates for crowns:

Broken teeth:Broken teeth could lead to a lot of pain, and if left untreated, the tooth may be at the risk of getting extracted. Hence, placing a crown on such teeth helps to restore them and hold them intact.

Chipped or cracked teeth:Teeth that are naturally misshapen or chipped on the edges can leave a displeasing appearance on the smile. Cracked teeth can allow the microbes in the mouth to enter the dental pulp and cause an infection. Crown can be used to restore such teeth to their ideal condition.

Excessive gaps between adjacent teeth:Spacing is a type of malocclusion characterized by excessive gaps between the teeth. Crowns can be bonded to such teeth to eliminate the gaps and give the patient an even smile.

Worn out teeth:Teeth that are severely worn out due to clenching jaw, grinding teeth, or demineralization can look quite shabby. Their contour and size can be restored using dental crowns.

What are the advantages of crowns?

Durability: Crowns are highly durable, thanks to the dental-grade ceramic used to fabricate them. They may wear only as much like the enamel, which is quite negligible.

Strength: Crowns are highly resistant to breaking, cracking, or chipping. However, patients should avoid biting hard objects, opening bottle caps or tearing open plastic bags using the teeth, etc., to prevent damage to the restorations.

Aesthetics:Crowns offer excellent aesthetics as they can be customized to match the exact appearance of the adjoining natural teeth. Their color, texture, and contour can be matched perfectly with the teeth.

Versatile: Crowns are one of the most versatile dental restorations, as they are used for several types of restorative purposes.

Resistant to staining: Crowns are resistant to staining as their surface doesn't have any pores that could retain the coloring particles.

What is the procedure involved?

During the initial diagnosis, the dentist will visually examine the teeth and take x-rays and digital scans of the teeth to get a better view. Next, the patient's candidacy for crowns will be determined by looking into various factors, such as the severity of the condition, the strength of the teeth, the presence of cavities, etc. The data from the scans will be sent to a dental laboratory for fabricating the restoration. Meanwhile, a temporary crown may be placed on the tooth to protect the prepared surface.

During the next consultation, the temporary crown will be removed, the tooth will be cleaned, and an etching solution will be applied to it to roughen its surface. The crown will be placed on it to check for fit and contour, and after the necessary changes, it will be bonded to the tooth using dental adhesives. A bite test will ensure that the patient's natural bite hasn't changed due to the crown.

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